December 1st is the 30th anniversary of World AIDS Day, an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, show support for people living with the disease, and commemorate those who have died.

To commemorate both World AIDS Day and the 20th anniversary of the MTV Staying Alive Foundation, we recently conducted the Viacom-RIWI 2018 HIV/AIDS study. The goal of this 10-country survey was to determine awareness levels of HIV/AIDS around the world and find out if people are taking preventive steps to avoid infection. Here’s what we learned:

On a global level, two-thirds of people think HIV/AIDS is an urgent issue. The sense of urgency is highest in Ukraine (82%), Brazil (77%) and South Africa (75%). Close to half of Germans (48%), as well as 2 in 5 Americans, do not see HIV/AIDS as urgent.

Nearly three-quarters of people globally consider themselves educated on how to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV. This confidence is highest in South Africa (82%), Nigeria (81%) and Brazil (81%). The countries where people are least likely to think they’re knowledgeable in this area are the US (67%), UK (66%) and Germany (55%).

However, almost half do not take measures to protect themselves. Globally, 44% of people do not actively take steps to reduce their risk of contracting the virus (this includes the 27% of people who don’t consider themselves to be at risk). People in Brazil (77%), South Africa (71%) and Nigeria (66%) are most likely to take preventive action.

Nearly half of people globally have never been tested for HIV. Around the world, 46% have never been tested (including 21% who do not consider themselves at risk). The untested rate is even higher in the Philippines (71%), the UK (65%), India (53%), and Ukraine (52%). The highest rates of testing are in South Africa (81%), Nigeria (62%) and Brazil (60%).

To learn more about the MTV Staying Alive Foundation and the global fight against HIV/AIDS, click here.